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The Nigerian Scam
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Cyber Crime Branch Advisory

The Nigerian Scam Defined

A Five Billion US$ (as of 1996, much more now) worldwide Scam which has run since the early 1980's under Successive Governments of Nigeria. It is also referred to as "Advance Fee Fraud", "419 Fraud" (Four-One-Nine) after the relevant section of the Criminal Code of Nigeria, and "The Nigerian Connection" (mostly in Europe). However, it is usually called plain old "419" even by the Nigerians themselves.

The Scam operates as follows: the target receives an unsolicited fax, email, or letter often concerning Nigeria or another African nationcontaining either a money laundering or other illegal proposal OR you may receive a Legal and Legitimate business proposal by normal means. Common variations on the Scam include "overinvoiced" or "double invoiced" oil or other supply and service contracts where your Bad Guys want to get the overage out of Nigeria; crude oil and other commodity deals; a "bequest" left you in a will; "money cleaning" where your Bad Guy has a lot of currency that needs to be "chemically cleaned" before it can be used and he needs the cost of the chemicals; "spoof banks" where there is supposedly money in your name already on deposit; "paying" for a purchase with a check larger than the amount required and asking for change to be advanced; fake lottery 419; and ordering items and commodities off "trading" sites on the web and then cheating the seller. The variations of Advance Fee Fraud (419) are very creative and virtually endless.

Are you a victim of this scam? lease send all correspondence to fbro@nigeriapolice.org Advisory message from Cyber Crime quad, Delhi Police

At some point, the victim is asked to pay up front an Advance Fee of some sort, be it an "Advance Fee", "Transfer Tax", "Performance Bond", or to extend credit, grant COD privileges, send back "change" on an overage cashier's check or money order, whatever. If the victim pays the Fee, there are often many "Complications" which require still more advance payments until the victim either quits, runs out of money, or both. If the victim extends credit on a given transaction etc. he may also pay such fees ("nerfund" etc.), and also stiffed for the Goods or Service with NO Effective Recourse.

The Nigerian Scam is, according to published reports, the Third to Fifth largest industry in Nigeria. It is the 419 Coalition view that, in effect, the elites from which successive Governments of Nigeria have been drawn ARE the Scammers- therefore, victims have little recourse in this matter. Monies stolen by 419 operations are almost Never Recovered from Nigeria.

Most 419 letters and emails originate from or are traceable back to Nigeria. However, some originate from other nations, mostly also West African nations such as Ghana, Togo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast ( Cote D'Ivoire ) etc. In most cases 419 emails from other nations are also Nigerian in that the "Home Office" of the 419ers involved is Nigeria regardless of the source of the contact materials. But there are occasionally some "local" copycats trying to emulate the success of the Nigerians. These folks tend not to last too long actually operating out of nations other than Nigeria, but they do try.

PLEASE DON'T SEND 419 COALITION A COPY OF THE 419 SOLICITATION YOU RECEIVED, we've seen tens of thousands already.

DO NOT RESPOND TO THE 419ER and DO FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS THAT APPLY TO YOU AS GIVEN IN THE WHAT TO DO SECTIONS BELOW..

Please Read the ENTIRE site BEFORE contacting 419 Coalition for information, questions etc., as ALL AVAILABLE INFORMATION AND DATA IS ALREADY SUMMARIZED AND POSTED UP ON THIS SITE.

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THE FIVE RULES FOR DOING BUSINESS WITH NIGERIA
Courtesy of The 419 Coalition

  1. NEVER pay anything up front for ANY reason.
  2. NEVER extend credit for ANY reason.
  3. NEVER do ANYTHING until their check clears.
  4. NEVER expect ANY help from the Nigerian Government.
  5. NEVER rely on YOUR Government to bail you out.

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What To Do If You Receive A Nigerian Scam/419 Letter

  1. 1. DO NOT RESPOND TO THE 419 SOLICITATION.
  2. Notify your Own Nation's National Law Enforcement Agency and your Own Nation's Foreign Office.
  3. File a Complaint with the Nigerian Embassy or High Commission in your nation.
  4. File a complaint via email with the Central Bank of Nigeria.
  5. For Loss cases only, you may file a complaint with the Nigerian Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).
  6. If the contact from the 419ers was via email: write their email provider at their "abuse" address (abuse@yahoo.com, abuse@onebox.com etc.) and include the 419er message with its headers; complain about the 419 message; and ask that the account be shut down. You may also file complaints with watchdog type sevices like Spamcopto try and get the 419ers email accounts shut off by whatever ISP they are using - Spamcop and other services like it will parse the headers of the 419 email and try to see through forged information etc. to get back to the actual origin of the 419 email, which is often useful in these matters.

Please remember that it is important to include the message's full header information. This is necessary for tracking the message's point of origin. This extra information is not shown by default, and the method of displaying it depends on the email resource you use. If you don't know how to display full headers, please see the instructions in your mail program or website. (Note: Many webpage-based email hosts include a "full headers" option link near the top of the message.)

Some 419ers give different email addies in the body of their mail than the one they sent from. You should complain to "abuse" etc. at those email providers as well.

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Canada - Additional Country Specific Instructions - Canada

Regional Offices of the RCMP Commercial Crime Branch are the proper places to direct inquiries. The phone/fax numbers of the nearest CCB office are available from any local detachment of the RCMP/GRC.

Also, in Canada, The Phonebusters National Call Centre (PNCC) is a joint partnership involving the Ontario Provincial Police and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Phonebustersis very interested in receiving copies of any 'new' versions of Nigerian letter schemes particularly those involving Canadian mailing addresses or telephone numbers. You can email such 419 letters to them at WAFL@phonebusters.com

You may also access the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Website (RCMP/GRC)which contains a section on the Nigerian Scam.

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South Africa - Additional Country Specific Instructions - South Africa

Fax all documents pertaining to the scam to the Commercial Branch, South African Police Service, Head Office for attention Superintendent SC Schambriel at facsimile number +27 12 339 1202, telephone number + 27 12 339 1203 or e-mail mediarelations@saps.org.za. Please mention whether or not you have incurred any financial loss.

The South African Police Servicemaintains a 419 Scams/Nigerian Letters Alert on their website. They also have a counter-419 notice in their FAQ Sectionon the site. They also show a short Anti-419 Pamphlet issued by and available from the South African Police Service, Click Here.

Finally, you can report South African related419 letters on the website of 419 Legal, a site associated with the Commercial Branch of the Johannesburg Police. 419 Legalfiles complaints with ISP's that host 419ers who send out soliciations mentioning South Africa.

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United Kingdom - Additional Country Specific Instructions-United Kingdom

For those in the UK with NO financial loss, examples of Internet '419' Advance Fee Fraud should be forwarded to your local fraud squad for investigation, whose location is obtainable through your local police station. Please quote 'NCIS West African Organised Crime Section' in your correspondence with them and under no circumstances reply to these criminals.

In addition to the above, if you HAVE lost money and there is a UK connection to the 419 operation, the NCIS wishes to speak directly with you as soon as possible. Persons who Have actually lost money to such scams can contact NCIS at :

victim@spring39.demon.co.uk

or by phone at 020 7238 8012.

NCIS also notes that 419 emails are very common, and it is possible that you may receive others in the future. Please do not send them direct to NCIS unless there is a loss, but as well as transmitting them direct to your local fraud squad, please send a copy to the Internet Service Provider (ISP's) from where the 419er email has originated. These emails to the ISP's should be addressed to:

abuse@"the ISP's name"

(for example abuse@yahoo.com, abuse@hotmail.com, abuse@onebox.com).

By this method the ISP's will be able to quickly terminate the accounts that abuse their systems.

Anyone OUTSIDE the UK receiving such a letter or email with a UK connectionis advised to Notify your Own Nation's National Law Enforcement Agency and your Own Nation's Foreign Office; to NOTreply to the 419er communication; and to forward the 419er correspondence to the National Criminal Intelligence Service, PO Box 8000, London SE11 5EN, or by e-mail.

The London Metropolitan Policewebsite also maintains an excellent section on Nigerian 419 Advance Fee Fraud. The URL of the The London Metropolitan Police Fraud Alert Page is http://www.met.police.uk/fraudalert/

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United States - Additional Country Specific Instructions - United States

1. The United States Secret Service continues to be tasked as the primary US law enforcement agency in dealing with Advance Fee Fraud (419) matters. US Citizens or Residents with No Financial Lossare asked to email 419er documents to the United States Secret Service at 419.fcd@usss.treas.govwhere they are archived for future datamining. Only No Loss reports are to be sent to this email address.Due to the sheer volume of materials received, USSS does not respond to submissions to this address.

2. United States Citizens and Residents who HAVE suffered a Financial Lossare instructed to contact the nearest Field Office of the United States Secret Service.

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Nigerian Scam News, Links, Information, & Analysis

Additional Data and Analysis on the Nigerian Scam, plus LATEST NEWS and Other Information follows. PLEASE READ EVERY PAGE to get a Comprehensive View of the Nigerian Scam and the Efforts of Public and Private Agencies to Combat It. LINKS to other Scam Fighting Websites are also provided below for your convenience.

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LINKS TO SITES FIGHTING THE NIGERIAN SCAM HERE!!

Most in English, but also some in French, Dutch, Swedish & Portuguese languages.

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Notes

 

419 Coalition appreciates immensely the contributions of the media in fighting 419, as publicity and education are two of the best ways currently available to fight 419.

419 Coalition is always glad to try and answer via email any questions from individuals or journalists on 419 matters which are NOT already covered on the site.

419 Coalition no longer takes voice calls nor does voice interviews. We used to, but we were too overwhelmed to continue doing so. However, author Brian Wizard ( Nigerian 419 Scam: Game Over! ) does enjoy doing occasional voice interviews. US Secret Service 419 Task Force also has spokesmen available for interviews, call them in Washington DC at 202-406-5850.

419 Coalition no longer "furnishes" 419 victims to the media for interviews, sorry. However, several victims have stated in our News sections that they are available for interview and have given their contact data, so check there.

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Summary of Privacy Policy

419 Coalition tracks hits on this page, employing Watchwise to do so. This page, the "index page" of our site, is the only page on it we track. 419 Coalition reserves the right to use all hit data and all materials received by us in any way we, in our sole judgement, see fit, including relaying data and materials to such authorities as we deem useful.For a full statement of our Privacy Policy click here.

Thank you for visiting The 419 Coalition website. We hope that you have found it useful.

Email The 419 Coalition
Freewill non tax deductible contributions are always appreciated.

 


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